This is a conference for students aged 16 years and over in schools, colleges and universities who are considering a career in engineering, computer science or a related discipline. What career paths can you follow? What demand is there for your skills in Wales and in Welsh? The Conference will be held over Zoom through the medium of Welsh with simultaneous translation to English You will hear from people who work in these disciplines. You will also be given the opportunity to ask questions. Chair: Ann Beynon, Former EHRC Commissioner Wales, Former Director, BT Wales. Speakers: Peter Gwyn Williams - Digital Infrastructure Department, Welsh Government Carwyn Lloyd-Jones, Director of ICT & Digital Business, Digital Health and Care Wales Mark Davies, Civil Engineer, Director at EDAF Siwan Owen, Associate Development Manager at Electronic Arts Ceri Mai, Degree Apprentice in Cyber Security Gwynedd Council, Hywel Ifans, Director at BCC IT Rhys Williams, Systems & IT Manager, Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol
Design of a ‘Dual Wavelength Laser’
This article is based upon the idea of designing a laser that can emit light at two different wavelengths, at the same time. This kind of laser has already been produced in the past; however, the difference between the two wavelengths was much larger. We intend to reduce this difference, while still being able to emit at two different wavelengths. This article will also address the effects of linewidth broadening where it is important to know how close the two wavelengths can be before we only see one broad peak in the spectrum, rather than two individual narrow peaks. Doing this will allow us to generate terahertz radiation from just one laser source.
Understanding performance deficiencies in printed thick film EL lamps on pa...
Understanding performance deficiencies in printed thick film EL lamps on paper
In order to examine new potential markets for printed electronics, a research study was undertaken to understand the performance of opaque substrate electroluminescent (EL) lamps. Opaque EL lamps are made possible by a PEDOT:PSS top electrode which replaces the ITO used in the conventional lamps. Screen-printed lamps were manufactured on four substrates (one plastic and three paper) and their performance was measured through brightness measurement. Generally, opaque substrate lamps were 50% less bright than a comparable ITO lamp. Further reductions in brightness were observed with the lighter and rougher papers. Additional layers of PEDOT:PSS increased sheet conductivity but reduced lamp brightness due to a reduction in layer transparency. As lamp size increased, the resistive nature of the PEDOT:PSS caused a significant reduction in lamp output, with a brightness of 25% of a comparable ITO lamp with an illuminated area of 5000 mm2. The relatively poor performance of the opaque lamps is derived not only from the reduced conductivity and transparency of the PEDOT:PSS compared to ITO, but is also caused by the topological nature of the phosphor particles which result in some phosphor material lying outside the electric field created between the two electrodes.
Building Wales's bridges, Ben Barr (2008)
The paper reports on three epochs of bridge building in Wales. The first period, from Roman times to the start of the Industrial Revolution, was dominated by the use of local materials (stone and timber) by local craftsmen. The second period was an integral part of the Industrial Revolution when new bridge building materials (cast iron, wrought iron and steel) were developed and used in the construction of canal and railway bridges. The third period was associated with the growth of traffic following World War II when concrete and steel became the dominant bridge building materials during the development of the trunk roads and motorways. The paper shows, in simple terms, the fundamental structural engineering developments underpinning these developments as new materials became available for bridge building. In particular, the evolvement of various beam cross-sections, tubes and trusses is discussed. Attention is also given to the significant contribution of four world-renowned bridge builders: William Edwards who built the famous arch bridge at Pontypridd; Thomas Telford who built the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and the Menai Suspension Bridge; Robert Stephenson who built tubular bridges at Conway and over the Menai Straits and I. K. Brunel who built the unique Chepstow Railway Bridge and the railway timber viaduct at Landore, Swansea. Finally, the paper draws attention to some of the unique bridges of Wales.