It is argued that John Duns Scotus’s treatment of concrete moral topics such as slavery, inheritance and marriage exhibits characteristics of medieval Welsh laws. This is explicable by the latter’s closeness to the ancient Brythonic laws of Scotland. Their commonalities explain John Duns Scotus’s attitude to these topics and the use he makes of natural law theory alongside the Book of Genesis to defend his viewpoints. The inference is made that his aim was to develop a critical account of the natural law which could defend the ideal of the ancient Brythonic laws of Scotland against Anglo-Norman hostility.
The Natural Law Ethics of John Duns Scotus: does it have ‘Welsh’ connection...
The Natural Law Ethics of John Duns Scotus: does it have ‘Welsh’ connections?
Speaking the language of the home when the home is unaffordable
Over the last quarter century, housing has become increasingly unaffordable for thevast majority of people. This article seeks to address what has caused this situation, and what its effects are on the individual and on the community. It will also consider how unaffordable housing and the lack of housing opportunities for local people affects the Welsh language. The article will then consider the mechanisms that have been adopted both by the National Assembly for Wales and by the Whitehall Government to resolve the inter-related problems of unaffordable housing and local people being unable to afford to buy houses in their local area, and the extent to which these solutions provide answers to this dilemma that are sustainable in the long term. To conclude, suggestions of how to improve the existing frameworks will be proposed, along with more radical approaches to ensure that housing does not become a luxury commodity.
The Welsh language as a model for breaking the lack of use cycle in the con...
The Welsh language as a model for breaking the lack of use cycle in the context of minority languages
Using the contemporary status of the Welsh language in post-16 education and the administration of justice as models, the aim of this article is to identify a paradigm of minority language non-use that arises despite the formal provision of bilingual services and resources. Thereafter, weaknesses in this paradigm will be explored in order to evaluate how existing legislation and policies may be employed in a manner that facilitates a change in linguistic behaviour from that which normalises minority language non-use to one that maximises the opportunities for meaningful linguistic choices.
Sir John Prise: Mediaevalist or Humanist?
Sir John Prise (1501/2‒1555), of Brecon, was among the most influential servants of the Crown in Wales and the Marches at a time of great political and religious change. He was also one of the first among the Welsh to respond positively to some of the new cultural and intellectual emphases connected with the Renaissance. This article discusses the tension between, on the one hand, Prise’s learning and humanist outlook and, on the other hand, his attachment to the popular account of the history of Britain presented by Geoffrey of Monmouth in the twelfth century, an account that was largely rejected by the Italian Polydore Vergil in a work first published in the 1530s.
Historical climate: The potential of Wales’s documentary sources
With the uncertainty of climate change, reconstructions from parameteorological and phenological records provide a strong basis for the analysis of past and present climate. However, very little research has been completed on the historical climate of Wales, which is variable throughout the country due to factors such as topography and atmospheric circulation. This is particularly so for west Wales, which has a diverse range of environments from the upland ‘green desert’ to the fertile coastal plains, where an extensive history may potentially be reconstructed from un-tapped documentary resources. The potential is immense as possible sources of meteorological information include all religious, official and personal documentation, which may provide an insight into the relationship between the Welsh and the weather.
“At the top once again”: early Welsh language pop charts
This article contains an analysis of the pop charts of three Welsh newspapers during the year 1972, concentrating on regional and national trends, and also on the performance of rock records in the charts. It is argued that Welsh language pop charts are of use as indicators of likely sales, but also because of their role as a medium for the record-buying public to participate in the Welsh pop world.
A Battle for Language, Language Battles: Terminology of the Welsh pop world...
A Battle for Language, Language Battles: Terminology of the Welsh pop world in the 1960s and 1970s
This article offers a detailed examination of the relationship between the campaign to revitalise the Welsh language in the 1960s and 1970s and the coining of new words in Welsh-language popular music. It concentrates on attempts to adapt Welsh to the circumstances of the pop world during this period in particular, and examines the ideological consequences of various strategies for coining terms that were used by writers.
Early community newspapers in north Wales and Welsh-language rock music
Since the advent of the papurau bro (community newspaper) movement in Wales in the 1970s, hundreds of articles on rock music have appeared in their pages, giving publicity to local rock bands, gigs, new releases, and so forth. However, these have received no scholarly attention. The present article explores the nature and influence of this little-known collection of sources, positing that this material throws light on the workings of the music scene at a regional and local level, and also that the register of these writings reveals something of the agenda of the contributors: an emphasis on justifying not the existence but the cultural worth of Welsh-language rock music to the older generation influenced young writers and champions of the pop world.
‘A new world where justice dwells’: Morgan John Rhys’ (1760–1804) vision
In this article it is argued how Morgan John Rhys’ (1760–1804) belief in the Second Coming and Millennium influenced his participation in the campaign to abolish slavery, the French Revolution and America. It is shown how Millenarianism was a force that shaped Morgan John Rhys’ worldview and influenced his social action and campaigns. Also, it is shown how William Williams, Pantycelyn (1717–91), preceded Morgan John Rhys in this context. My argument, with comparative reference to Williams and Rhys, is that Evangelicalism and the Enlightenment were not intellectual enemies, and that Millenarianism was one of the most important driving forces in the lives of these two men, who were integral to the life of eighteenth century Wales.
The early response to Williams Pantycelyn by Saunders Lewis
Saunders Lewis’ Williams Pantycelyn (1927) was the most exciting and controversial work of literary criticism to appear in twentieth century Welsh letters. In ten memorable and often brilliant chapters, Lewis analysed the work of the eighteenth century hymnist not according to the usual Protestant norms but in terms of medieval Catholic mysticism on the one hand and the then novel Freudian and Jungian psychology on the other. The book caused a literary and critical storm. Among those who affirmed its counterintuitive nature was the poet T. Gwynn Jones; its thesis was rejected by the philosopher E. Keri Evans while the preacher-poet Moelwyn Hughes found the volume objectionable in the extreme. Such was the power of Lewis’ analysis, however, that for more than a generation it came to embody a new orthodoxy in the scholarly understanding of William Williams. It was not until the 1960s that this orthodoxy began to be overturned. The accompanying essay describes how this process evolved.
Y Gors [The Bog]: examining the boundary between authorship and contributio...
Y Gors [The Bog]: examining the boundary between authorship and contribution in documentary film
In answer to a call by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and with the support of the Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol, Anne Marie Carty, Nick Jones and Dafydd Sills-Jones made a poetic/experimental documentary film in 2016, on the subject of Cors Fochno, near Borth. Cors Fochno is one of Western Europe’s major peat bogs, is home to a unique ecology, and also home to important scientific study, not least into climate change. The bog was therefore a useful filmic metaphor for a number of issues and perspectives, including the feelings of the local community towards wilderness, the sustainability of local farming, and more broadly the history and future of human relationship with the environment. The article traces the approaches and concepts behind the film, and by doing so places it in the tradition of ‘practice-as-research’.
Historicising production studies: Teliesyn’s second stage through the lense...
Historicising production studies: Teliesyn’s second stage through the lenses of Cottle, Bourdieu and Berne
Dros y deng mlynedd diwethaf, mae ‘astudiaethau cynhyrchu cyfryngau’ wedi tyfu’n sylweddol fel is-ddisgyblaeth. Yn sgil hyn, mae’r drafodaeth arferol ar y ddynameg rhwng technoleg, economi, ffurfiau diwylliannol, creadigrwydd a gyrfaoedd proffesiynol wedi eu trawsnewid, gan herio hen begynau disgyrsiol economi gwleidyddol ac astudiaethau diwylliannol. Er hynny, mae gogwydd cyfoes i’r datblygiadau hyn, sy’n aml yn anwybyddu hanes y cyfryngau. Mae’r erthygl hon yn ceisio defnyddio agwedd ‘astudiaethau cynhyrchu cyfryngau’ (wrth ddefnyddio fframweithiau cysyniadol Simon Cottle, Pierre Bourdieu ac Eric Berne) er mwyn olrhain hanes un o brif gwmnïau teledu Cymru, Teliesyn.